The Italian Anticorruption Authority (ANAC) is an independent administrative authority charged with the prevention of corruption in public administrations, subsidiaries and state-controlled enterprises.
The Authority was established by Law 190 of 2012, which re-configured the former Commission for Evaluation, Integrity and Transparency in Public Administrations (CIVIT) as the National Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC) and tasked it with the prevention of corruption and illegal behaviors in the Italian public sector. Through the establishment of ANAC, the Italian legislator implemented the recommendation of article 6 of the United Nation Convention against Corruption (UNCAC).
Subsequently, Law 114/2014 transferred the mandate of the Authority for the Supervision of Contracts on Public Works, Services and Supplies (AVCP) to ANAC. As a consequence, ANAC is now responsible for the prevention of corruption in public administrations and state-controlled companies through: a) the implementation of transparency; b) the supervision of public procurement; and c) the promotion of integrity in the public sector.