1. The Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption was established pursuant to article 63 of the Convention to, inter alia, promote and review the implementation of the Convention.
2. In accordance with article 63, paragraph 7, of the Convention, the Conference established at its third session, held in Doha from 9 to 13 November 2009, the Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the Convention. The Mechanism was established also pursuant to article 4, paragraph 1, of the Convention, which states that States parties shall carry out their obligations under the Convention in a manner consistent with the principles of sovereign equality and territorial integrity of States and of non-intervention in the domestic affairs of other States.
3. The Review Mechanism is an intergovernmental process whose overall goal is to assist States parties in implementing the Convention.
4. The review process is based on the terms of reference of the Review Mechanism.
5. The following review of the implementation by Italy of the Convention is based on the completed response to the comprehensive self-assessment checklist received from Italy, and any supplementary information provided in accordance with paragraph 27 of the terms of reference of the Review Mechanism and the outcome of the constructive dialogue between the governmental experts from the United States of America, Sierra Leone and Italy, by means of telephone conferences and e-mail exchanges involving Ms. Teresa Turner-Jones, Ms. Jane Ley and Ms. Marianne Toussaint from the United States of America, Mr. Shollay Davies from Sierra Leone, and Mr. Lorenzo Salazar from Italy. The members of the Secretariat were Mr. Oliver Landwehr and Mr. Yuta Miyagishima.
6. A country visit, agreed to by Italy, was conducted from 13 to 15 February 2018.
Review by the United States of America and Sierra Leone of the implementation by Italy of Chapter II (articles 5-14) and Chapter V (articles 51-59) of the United Nations Convention against Corruption for the review cycle 2016-2021.